Great question. Let me share some knowledge. Diabetes is chronic disease in which there are high levels of sugar in the blood. These levels are high because little or no “Insulin” is being produced. Insulin is a hormone that helps sugar we receive from food, aka glucose, enter the body’s cells. This glucose is converted to energy. We know we all need plenty of energy to do what we do daily. Without insulin, the cells become starved of glucose energy despite the presence of abundant glucose in the bloodstream. The unutilized glucose is excreted in urine. What a waste!
Insulin is produced in the “pancreas”. The pancreas is a deep-seated organ in the abdomen located behind the stomach. It releases insulin into the blood stream when glucose levels are increased. When these levels are decreased, the pancreas lowers the level of insulin it outputs. Kinda cool huh? Even when we call ourselves “fasting” there is a low steady release of insulin to help keep blood sugar levels steady.
In patients with diabetes, the pancreatic output of insulin is either absent or so small, that the body cannot use the glucose that is produced. That excess glucose remains in the blood and raises one’s “sugar” level. This condition is known as hyperglycemia. As you can see, one has a formidable foe in dealing with diabetes.